Abd al-Karim Qasim (1914-1963)
Abd al-Karim Qasim was an Iraqi progressive revolutionary and Prime Minister of the Republic of Iraq from 1958 to 1963. He came to power by ousting the feudal Iraqi Monarchy through a military coup. Qasim sought to institute land reform and nationalize Iraqi oil industry from the British and American imperialists by demanding the Iraqi Petroleum Company be expropriated and an Iraqi owned enterprise with the interests of the Iraqi people be installed in its place. Qasim also brought women’s liberation to Iraq, by instituting a minimum marital age of 18 and gave women equal rights of inheritance for both Sunni and Shia. He also expanded Iraq’s budget to double spending on education, housing, and healthcare. Abd al-Karim Qasim also opposed the neo fascist Nasserites and their Pan-Arab sentiments. Under Qasim, the Republic of Iraq also established friendly relations with the Soviet Union.
On February 8th, 1963, Qasim was assassinated by a pro Ba’athist junta supported by the CIA, and a Ba’athist government under Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr (predecessor to Saddam Hussein) was installed.
Rest in Peace, you will forever remain a connection to Iraq’s progressive and revolutionary history and to the past histories of the Iraqi Communist Party.
Down with the compradores and imperialists!
Down with religious extremism!
Down with Nasserite fascism!